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L Ame Stram Gram Explication Essay

"L'Âme-stram-gram" is a 1999 song recorded by French singer-songwriterMylène Farmer. It was the lead single from her fifth studio album Innamoramento and was released on 9 March 1999. The lyrics were written by Farmer and the music was composed by Laurent Boutonnat. Musically, the song has techno and dance sonorities which marked an artistic change in the singer's career, although the rest of the album contains more pop songs. Based on a famous children's counting rhyme, the song is primarily about confidence, secret, and confession and uses the lexical field of psychoanalysis; however, the many puns and double entendres can also provide another meaning explicitly referring to sexuality.

Inspired by the romantic comedy horror film A Chinese Ghost Story, the expensive eight-minute music video was shot by Hong Kong film director Ching Siu-Tung in Beijing and displays Farmer portraying twin sisters who have supernatural powers; the first being kidnapped by Chinese bandits and rescued by her sister, who dies in the process, causing the first twin to commit suicide. Farmer promoted the song by performing it on three TV shows and then singing it on two of her subsequent tours. The single peaked at number two in France and was certified as silver for having over 125,000 sales. It was also a top ten hit in Belgium (Wallonia).

Background and writing[edit]

As of January 1999, Farmer had not appeared on television for over a year and a half, the last time being the release of the live singles from the album Live à Bercy. At that time, it was rumoured that the singer's return was imminent, with the release of a very rhythmic single named "The Small World" and a new album whose name would be "Mes Moires".[1] These rumours were incorrect; however, as early as February, the radio station NRJ aired Farmer's new single, titled "L'Âme-stram-gram". This techno and dance song seemed to display a major change in Farmer's musical register.[2] According to Farmer, the choice of this single was made haphazardly, as she said in an interview: "This happened like that. Laurent [Boutonnat] wrote a rhythm, and I confess that I really want, precisely, something rhythmic, even a little lighter."[3]

Promotional envelopes were released in a limited edition respectively on 2 and 6 March and contained, in addition to the CD single, the song's lyrics written by Farmer.[4] As noted in the magazine Instant-Mag, there was a spelling mistake in the word "immiscer" and an erasure.[5] The remixes, deemed "rather successful" by French author Julien Rigal, were not produced by Boutonnat, unlike Farmer's previous singles, but by Perky Park and Lady B.[6] The art cover of the various formats, made by Italian photographer Marino Parisotto Vay, showed Farmer behind blue veils.[7]

Lyrics and music[edit]

En moi, en moi, toi que j'aime
Dis-moi, dis-moi quand ça n'va pas
Immisce et glisse l'abdomen
Dans mon orifice à moi

— End of the chorus

"L'Âme-stram-gram", whose lyrics were written in Milan, has techno sonorities and a subdued singer's voice, making it more heavenly. The music used more synthesizers and bass guitar than the songs from the previous album, Anamorphosée; the song, however, was not representative of the musical universe of Innamoramento.[1] The song marked a change of influences by Farmer who "abandon[ed] the Slavonic and American universes to be interested in Asia", as noted by author Erwan Chuberre.[8]

Lyrically, the song deals with sex, childhood and psychoanalysis. It contains numerous erotic puns[9] inspired by the Marquis de Sade's works:[10] "J'ouïs tout ce que tu confesses / Et l'essaim scande l'ivresse", "J'ouïs tout ce que tu susurres / L'essaim bat la mesure", "Immisce et glisse l'abdomen / Dans l'orifice à moi", "L'âme-stram-gram, pique-moi dans l'âme / Bourrée bourrée de nœuds mâles / L'âme-stram-gram pique dames". The sound associations refer to the orgasm, the female organs ("cunt", "buttock", "breast") and sexual penetration.[11] The song also refers to the childhood rhyme known as eeny, meeny, miny, moe — a song recited by children to point out a person at random from a group — and to the vocabulary of psychoanalysis through the subjects of the sofa and Sigmund Freud's "Oedipus complex". In an April 1999 interview, Farmer explained: "I tried to evoke the idea of confidence, secret, confession, the idea of "the other", simply. One's double, perhaps. In all cases, a friendly ear".[1] Psychologist Hugues Royer said the song evokes "pleasure in all its forms which is seen as a way out" and, with "many encryoted puns", talks about "many amusing sexual practices".[12]

Music video[edit]

The 7:50 video - 4:42 in a shorter version - was filmed by Hong Kong film director Ching Siu-Tung in Beijing over five days and four nights, although Farmer spent two weeks in China to oversee its production.[7] Like most of the singer's other videos, it was a Requiem Publishing and Stuffed Monkey production. The screenplay, written by Farmer, is based on a Chinese legend and the film seriesA Chinese Ghost Story, made by Ching.[13][14] The staging was done extremely carefully and the images were very aesthetic. The video had a budget that reached 900,000 euro,[15] as the construction of scenery included a reconstruction of the Great Wall of China and digital special effects. Despite the cold temperatures during the shooting, Farmer was not wearing a T-shirt under her costume and also directed most of the stunts. She explained: "We worked a lot, sometimes twenty hours without interruption. Weather conditions were difficult. I had a permanent change of costumes. But it was exciting and it was the most important."[9] Valérie Bony, a dancer in Farmer's concert tours, played Farmer's body double when the latter was shown from her back. Although the song deals with sexual issues, there are no sex scenes in the video.[7]

The video features twin sisters, played by Farmer, and several Chinese bandits. Initially, the sisters are dressed in green and purple veils and play together amongst pastel veils and hangings. A troupe of bandits arrives on horseback and pursues the sisters. Suddenly, the women flick out their long tongues, producing a powerful magical effect, causing the bandits to fall from their horses. Nevertheless, the bandits manage to kidnap one sister and knock the other one down, leaving her for dead. The kidnapped sister is brought to an immense stable where captives are being tortured, and she is threatened with violation. The other sister rushes to rescue her twin, despite being injured and exhausted. As she climbs the long staircase leading to the stable, she falls and dies. Her soul leaves her body, rises to the sky, and flies to her sister's aid. The sisters work their magic again to kill their enemies and escape. They then play in the air under the full moon; however, in the early morning, the soul of the dead sister disappears in the sky. The living sister, desperate, throws herself from the top of the Great Wall of China to be with her sister in the afterlife. At the end, the two sisters' souls, now dressed in white veils, frolic in the sky.

According to journalist Caroline Bee, the video illustrates the idea of "a myth overtaken by reality"; indeed, "the image of a serene life enshrined in the completeness, came to be overtaken by the harsh reality. This fantasy can exist and be realised only outside reality".[16]

Live performances[edit]

In 1999, Farmer performed the song on three television shows:[6][17]Les Années tubes (2 April, TF1), Hit Machine (17 April, M6) and Tapis rouge (24 April, France 2). On these occasions, she performed a self-made choreography — crouching at the beginning with many arms gestures, then standing with suggestive movements of the pelvis — with two male dancers and displayed a new hairstyle with curls.[18]

"L'Âme-stram-gram" was performed during the 1999 Mylenium Tour in an energetic Hispanic-oriented version, later included in the live album and DVD Mylenium Tour. Farmer wore an orange costume composed of privateer trousers, a thick jacket and orange shoes with high heels, and her dancers had costumes with different colors; they performed the same collective synchronised choreography as on television before Farmer repeated the refrain with the audience.[19] The song was also performed on stage as the second song during the 2009 Mylène Farmer en tournée tour in an electro version, in which Farmer and her dancers, wearing a tight suit showing the human's muscular system, performed almost the same choreography.[20] Royer qualified this choreography as being "wild".[21]

Chart performances[edit]

On the French Singles Chart, "L'Âme-stram-gram" debuted to number two on 13 March 1999, behind Larusso's hit "Tu m'oublieras". According to French chart expert Élia Habib, many people thought at the time that Mylène Farmer could become the first artist to obtain a number-one single from four studio albums, the first three being "Pourvu qu'elles soient douces" from Ainsi soit je..., "Désenchantée" from L'Autre..., and "XXL" from Anamorphosée.[22] Against all odds, the single dropped during the next weeks and remained in the top ten for four weeks, in the top 50 for ten, and on the chart for sixteen.[23] The single was certified as a silver disc by the Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique on 15 December 1999 and was ranked number 58 on the Annual Singles Chart.[24][25]

In Belgian (Wallonia), the single featured on the Ultratop 50 for thirteen weeks. It started on 20 March at number 22 before climbing to a peak of number nine the week after. Then it fell slowly, and was eventually the best-selling single from the album Innamoramento in the country, with the longest chart trajectory and the highest peak position.[26] It was 53rd on the Belgian year-end chart.[27]

Formats and track listings[edit]

These are the formats and track listings of single releases of "L'Âme-stram-gram":[28]

1."L'Âme-stram-gram" (single version)4:16
2."L'Âme-stram-gram" (instrumental)4:20
  • CD maxi - Digipack / CD maxi - Crystal case - Germany[30][31]
1."L'Âme-stram-gram" (single version)4:20
2."L'Âme-stram-gram" (Perky Park pique dames club mix)6:35
3."L'Âme-stram-gram" (Perky Park pique d'âme club mix)6:50
4."L'Âme-stram-gram" (Lady Bee by Lady B's remix)6:25
1."L'Âme-stram-gram" (Perky Park pique dames club mix)6:35
2."L'Âme-stram-gram" (single version)4:20
3."L'Âme-stram-gram" (Perky Park pique d'âme club mix)6:50
4."L'Âme-stram-gram" (Lady Bee by Lady B's remix)6:25
  • CD single - Promo / CD single - Promo - Luxurious envelope - Limited edition (200)[34][35]
1."L'Âme-stram-gram" (single version)4:12
1."L'Âme-stram-gram" (video)7:50

Official versions[edit]

Version[37]LengthAlbumRemixed byYearComment[13]
Album version4:24Innamoramento, Les Mots1999See the previous sections
Single version4:161999The introduction and the end are slightly shorter.
Promotional single version4:121999
Instrumental4:231999All lyrics are removed.
Perky Park pique dames club mix6:38Perky Park1999This dance and house version starts with a three-minute musical introduction and contains only refrains from the original version as lyrics.
Perky Park pique d'âme dub mix6:52Perky Park1999This is a house version in which all lyrics have almost all been removed. Farmer sings only "Âme-stram-gram" and some onomatopoeia.
Lady Bee by Lady B's remix6:27Lady B, aka Bruno Gauthier1999"L'âme-stram-gram, pique-moi dans l'âme / Bourrée bourrée de nœuds mâles / L'âme-stram-gram pique dames" are the only lyrics of this version. The cry that Farmer launches at the beginning of "Libertine" can be heard throughout this remix.
Music video7:50Music Videos III, Music Videos II & III1999
Live version
(recorded in 2000)
5:59 (audio)
5:45 (video)
Mylenium Tour2000The introduction has Oriental sounds. (see Mylenium Tour)
Full intention sultra mix7:57RemixeSFull Intention2003This dance remix adds many percussions. After an about three-minute introduction, Farmer sings all lyrics from the original version.
Live version
(recorded in 2009)
5:27N°5 on Tour2009It is a very dynamic electro remix featuring some soundsamples of the original version. (see Mylène Farmer en tournée)

Credits and personnel[edit]

These are the credits and the personnel as they appear on the back of the single:[28][38]

  • Mylène Farmer – lyrics
  • Laurent Boutonnat – music
  • Requiem Publishing – editions
  • Polydor – recording company
  • Marino Parisotto Vay – photo
  • Henry Neu / Com'N.B – design


Weekly charts[edit]

Year-end charts[edit]


Release history[edit]

France, Belgium, SwitzerlandFebruary 1999Promo 12" maxi,[33] Promo CD single,[34] VHS[36]
9 March 1999CD single,[47] CD maxi,[48] 12" maxi[49]
GermanyJune 1999CD maxi[31]


  • Bee, Caroline (2003). Mylène Farmer: L'ange blessé (in French). Librio Musique. ISBN 2-290-33725-0. 
  • Bee, Caroline; Bioy, Antoine; Thiry, Benjamin (January 2006). Mylène Farmer, la part d'ombre (in French). L'Archipel. ISBN 2-84187-790-6. 
  • Cachin, Benoît (2006). Le Dictionnaire des Chansons de Mylène Farmer (in French). Tournon. ISBN 2-35144-000-5. 
  • Cachin, Benoît (2006). Mylène Farmer Influences (in French). Mascara. ISBN 978-2-35144-026-1. 
  • Chuberre, Erwan (2007). L'Intégrale Mylène Farmer (in French). City. ISBN 978-2-35288-108-7. 
  • Chuberre, Erwan (2008). Mylène Farmer, phénoménale (in French). City. ISBN 978-2-35288-176-6. 
  • Chuberre, Erwan (18 June 2009). Mylène Farmer : Des mots sur nos désirs (in French). Alphée. ISBN 2-7538-0477-X. 
  • Khairallah, Sophie (2007). Mylène Farmer, le culte - L'envers du décor (in French). Why Not. ISBN 2-916611-25-8. 
  • Rigal, Julien (September 2010). Mylène Farmer, la culture de l'inaccessibilité (in French). Premium. ISBN 978-2-35636-096-0. 
  • Royer, Hugues (2008). Mylène, biographie (in French). Spain: Flammarion. ISBN 978-2-35287-139-2. 
  • Violet, Bernard (2004). Mylène Farmer, biographie (in French). J'ai lu. ISBN 2-290-34916-X. 


Mylène Farmer and her twin sister in the music video "L'Âme-stram-gram". As it was shot in China, its style was inspired by the country's culture.
Mylène Farmer performing "L'Âme-stram-gram" in Tapis rouge, with her new hairstyle.
  1. ^ abcRigal, 2010, p. 106.
  2. ^"Mylène Farmer - "L'Âme-Stram-Gram" - Histoire du single" (in French). Mylene.net. Retrieved 4 January 2008. 
  3. ^Violet, 2004, pp. 192-93.
  4. ^"Période Innamoramento — "L'Âme-Stram-Gram"". Jukebox (in French). 179. June 2002. 
  5. ^Bee, Caroline; Brunet, Océane; Thiry, Benjamin; Parpette, Jennifer (2001). "Fans à tiques - Kollectors". Instant-Mag (in French). Pantin: Tear Prod. 7: 30. 
  6. ^ abRigal, 2010, p. 108.
  7. ^ abcChuberre, 2008, pp. 201-03.
  8. ^Chuberre, 2007, pp. 32-33.
  9. ^ abViolet, 2004, pp. 199-200.
  10. ^Royer, 2008, p. 99.
  11. ^Cachin, 2006 (2), pp. 48-49.
  12. ^Royer, 2008, p. 257.
  13. ^ abCachin, 2006, pp. 35-40.
  14. ^Rigal, 2010, p. 107.
  15. ^Khairallah, 2007, p. 44.
  16. ^Bee, 2006, pp. 244-46.
  17. ^"Mylène Farmer - "L'Âme-stram-gram" - TV" (in French). Mylene.net. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  18. ^""L'Âme-stram-gram", television performances" (in French). Sans-logique. Retrieved 5 January 2008. 
  19. ^Rigal, 2010, p. 115.
  20. ^Rigal, 2010, p. 180.
  21. ^Royer, 2008, p. 340.
  22. ^Habib, Élia (2002). Muz hit.tubes (in French). Alinéa Bis. p. 454. ISBN 2-9518832-0-X. 
  23. ^"Mylène Farmer — "L'Âme-stram-gram", French Singles Chart" (in French). Lescharts. Retrieved 24 December 2007. 
  24. ^"Certifications Singles Argent - année 1999" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Archived from the original on 23 February 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2007. 
  25. ^"Classement Singles - année 1999" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2007. 
  26. ^"Mylène Farmer — "L'Âme-stram-gram", Belgian (Wallonia) Singles Chart" (in French). Ultratop. Retrieved 3 January 2008. 
  27. ^"Rapports annuels 1999 — Singles" (in French). Ultratop. Retrieved 24 December 2007. 
  28. ^ ab"Mylène Farmer - "L'Âme-stram-gram" - Supports" (in French). Mylene.net. Retrieved 3 March 2010. 
  29. ^L'Âme-stram-gram (CD-one Single liner notes) (in French). Mylène Farmer. Polydor. 1999. 563 622-2. 
  30. ^L'Âme-stram-gram (Digipack Maxi CD Single liner notes) (in French). Mylène Farmer. Polydor. 1999. 563 643-2. 
  31. ^ abL'Âme-stram-gram (German Maxi CD Single liner notes) (in French). Mylène Farmer. Polydor. 1999. 563 739-2. 
  32. ^L'Âme-stram-gram (12-inch Vinyl liner notes) (in French). Mylène Farmer. Polydor. 1999. 563 663-1. 
  33. ^ abL'Âme-stram-gram (Promo 12-inch Vinyl liner notes) (in French). Mylène Farmer. Polydor. 1999. 2971. 
  34. ^ abL'Âme-stram-gram (Promo CD-one Single liner notes) (in French). Mylène Farmer. Polydor. 1999. 9061. 
  35. ^L'Âme-stram-gram (Luxurious Promo CD-one Single liner notes) (in French). Mylène Farmer. Polydor. 1999. 9061. 
  36. ^ abL'Âme-stram-gram (DVD liner notes) (in French). Mylène Farmer. Polydor. 1999. 
  37. ^"Mylène Farmer - "L'Âme-stram-gram" - Versions" (in French). Mylene.net. Retrieved 16 July 2010. 
  38. ^"Mylène Farmer - "L'Âme-stram-gram" - Crédits" (in French). Mylene.net. Retrieved 3 April 2010. 
  39. ^"Ultratop.be – Mylène Farmer – L'Âme-stram-gram" (in French). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  40. ^"The Eurochart Hot 100 Singles (27 March 1999)". Music & Media. Archived from the original on 11 March 2005. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  41. ^"Lescharts.com – Mylène Farmer – L'Âme-stram-gram" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  42. ^"Rapports annuels 1999" (in French). Ultratop. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  43. ^"Rapports annuels 1999 - singles francophones" (in French). Ultratop. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  44. ^"Classement Singles - année 1999" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  45. ^"Les Certifications depuis 1973" (in French). InfoDisc. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  46. ^"Les Meilleures Ventes "Tout Temps" de 45 T. / Singles / Téléchargement" (in French). InfoDisc. Retrieved 4 January 2018. 
  47. ^""L'Âme-stram-gram" [CD Single]" (in French). Amazon.fr. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  48. ^""L'Âme-stram-gram" [Single Maxi]" (in French). Amazon.fr. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  49. ^""L'Âme-stram-gram" [CD Single, EP]" (in French). Amazon.fr. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 

И с успехом его выдержал. Ненависть в его сердце уступила место преданности Будде. Еще через четыре месяца Энсей Танкадо приступил к работе в Отделении криптографии Агентства национальной безопасности США.

Несмотря на солидный заработок, Танкадо ездил на службу на стареньком мопеде и обедал в одиночестве за своим рабочим столом, вместо того чтобы вместе с сослуживцами поглощать котлеты из телятины и луковый суп с картофелем - фирменные блюда местной столовой.

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